Durai The Surgeon

How to manage Irritable bowel syndrome?

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by a group of symptoms that can include abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhoea, and constipation. While there is no known cure for IBS, there are several management strategies that can help control its symptoms and improve quality of life.

Diet Modification:

Certain foods can trigger IBS symptoms. Therefore, dietary changes are often the first line of treatment for managing IBS. Common food triggers include caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, fatty foods, and high-fibre foods. It is recommended to keep a food diary to identify foods that trigger your symptoms and eliminate them from your diet. You can also try the low FODMAP diet, which is a special diet that reduces the intake of fermentable carbohydrates.

Stress Reduction:

Stress and anxiety can trigger IBS symptoms. Therefore, stress reduction techniques such as yoga, meditation, deep breathing, and exercise can be helpful in managing IBS symptoms. You can also try cognitive behavioural therapy or hypnotherapy to reduce stress and anxiety.


Several medications can help alleviate IBS symptoms. Antispasmodic medications such as dicyclomine can help reduce abdominal cramps and spasms. Laxatives can help relieve constipation. Over-the-counter medications such as loperamide can help relieve diarrhoea. It is important to consult with your healthcare provider before taking any medication for IBS.


Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in the gut and can help improve digestion and reduce inflammation. Several studies have shown that probiotics can help alleviate IBS symptoms. You can take probiotics in the form of supplements or consume probiotic-rich foods such as yogurt.


Regular exercise can help improve digestion, reduce stress, and improve overall health. It is recommended to engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming, five days a week.


Managing IBS requires a comprehensive approach that includes dietary changes, stress reduction, medication, probiotics, and exercise. It is important to work closely with your healthcare provider to develop an individualized management plan that suits your needs and lifestyle. With proper management, you can effectively control IBS symptoms and improve your quality of life.